Exchange Newsconnector mit UUnet

UUnet als einer der größeren internationalen Provider bietet z.B. den Zugang zu ihrem eigenen Newsserver für Exchange an. Aber UUNet stellt auch eine geniale Möglichkeit bereit, SMTP-Mails über Wählverbindungen und dynamischen Adressen zuzustellen.

Als früherer Kunde einer UUNet Direktverbindung konnte ich meinen Newsserver wie einen richtigen Knoten an die Newsserver von UUnet anbinden. Leider ist dieses Vorgehen auf Festverbindungen begrenzt, da je nach Newsaufkommen doch sehr viele Datenpakete über die Leitungen müssen und damit eine Wählverbindung sehr schnell zu einer teuren Standverbindung wird und zudem die Verzögerungen bei Wählverbindungen teilweise zu Abbrüchen aber zu mindest zu Verzögerungen führen könnten. Wenn eine Firme die Größe erreicht hat, dass sie einen eigenen Newsserver stellen kann, dann ist auch die Größe erreicht, bei der eine Standverbindung sinnvoll ist. Daher ist die in meinen Augen keine Beschränkung.

Mit der Verbindung erhalten sich auch die Information, wie sie ihren Newsserver mit UUnet koppeln. Die Links dazu habe ich unten auch noch mal aufgeführt.

Hier eine Hilfenachricht vom Newsagent, denn fast die komplette Konfiguration zu meinem Newsserver kann ich mir selbst per Mail ansehen und verändern.

The UUNET newsserver received the following mail:
Message-ID: <C11CCA6453A9D11193800060086109872468C6@srv01.msxfaq.de>
From: "Carius, Frank"
Date: Fri, 21 Apr 2000 17:28:57 +0200

M e s s a g e o f t h e d a y:
ATTENTION! ATTENTION! ATTENTION! ATTENTION! ATTENTION! ATTENTION!
The syntax of the UUNET newsserver has changed, due to an all
new perl version of the script. Please see the new help file, für reference.
ATTENTION! ATTENTION! ATTENTION! ATTENTION! ATTENTION! ATTENTION!
Fri Apr 21 17:29:44 MET DST 2000 uNS begin
-> help
Will send you help and ignore rest of message
---------------------------------------------------------------------
T h e u u N E T N e w s s e r v e r
This mailserver (news-server@de.uu.net) knows the following commands:
site, include, exclude, list, active, newsgroups, hierarchies,
volume-stats, checkgroups, feedinfo, set, startfeed, stopfeed,
help and quit
The 'site' command must preceed every request changing the status of
your feed. Only 'help', 'active', 'newsgroups', 'hierarchies' and
'volume-stats' have a useful meaning without a specified newsfeed.
All commands have to show up in the body of your message (the Subject:
line is ignored) and are executed in Ordner. Each command will work
on the result of the preceeding command, e.g. a 'list' after an
'include' will also list all newly included groups.
After a 'site' command, the server will always send the answer to
the administrator of your site (whos email address is hardcoded
here) and NOT to the originator of the mail. This is für security
reasons.

help
This command will send you this help file.

quit
This command will stop parsing the mail you sent to the server.
This will avoid signatures to be treated as commands. You should
always use it, to avoid those side effects.
After this command, you will be given a list with your newly
subscribed newsgroups and the estimated monthly volume, you have
to expect. Don't say, we didn't warn you. Newsvolume can be very
significant, if you only choose the right groups. ;-)

site <sitename> <password>
This command will check your permission to use the server to
change the status of your newsfeed.

include <pattern>
This command will add newsgroups to your subscription list.
<pattern> can be a single newsgroup or a pattern that contains
'*' wildcards. No '!' is allowed here, please use 'exclude'
instead.
If it is useful für you, you can also say "add" instead of
"include". Some automatic Ordner scripts (from DNEWS für example)
require that.

exclude <pattern>
This command will remove newsgroups from your subscription.
You can also say "del" or "delete", if you like.

list
This command will show the current list of newsgroup patterns
in your subscription. A preceeding '!' indicates that these
patterns are not subscribed.

startfeed
If you have temporarily stopped the newsfeed, this is the
command to reactivate it. In the installation phase of your
news server, the UUNET news team can register a newsfeeds für you and set it to 'stopped'. You can then start it on your own
with this command.

stopfeed
If you ever like to stop flooding your server with news
articles, you can temporarily stop your feed with this command.
To reactivate it, please use 'startfeed'.

feedinfo
This command will show you information about your feed, such
as the registered technical contact person, the return mail
address of this mail server and the protocol and its parameters
that is used to transfer the news to your server.

set
This command give you the possibility to tune some parameters
of your newsfeed. Which parameters you can change, depends on
the protocol that is used to transfer the articles: UUCP: you can change the batchsize, compression, bits and
grading of the UUCP batches containing the news articles.
set batchsize <number of bytes>
set compression "nocomp|comp|gzip"
set bits "8bit|7bit"
set grading <alphanumeric character>
NNTP: if you are configured to be fed by nntpsend, you can
set the hours, when the transmitter is started, here.
set xmit-times <list of hours in crontab format>
if you are configured to be fed by innfeed, you can
set the maximum of parallel connections to be opened
and whether to use the streaming protocol or not.
set maxconnections <1-10>
set streaming <on|off>

status
This command will give you the current status of your newsfeed.
This covers backlog information as well as statistics of todays
transmissions. We encourage you to have a look at this on a
regular basis. This is the most comfortable way to see if you
can keep up with the feed.

hierarchies
This command will list all hierarchies that are currently
available via the UUNET news service. Please refer to the
newsgroups command if you want a detailed list with all
newsgroups.

active <pattern>
This command will list all newsgroups that match the <pattern>
in active file format. This is für customers who like to import
an active file into their server software.
If no <pattern> is given, 'active' will list only groups that
are currently subscribed für your site.
If no host was specified with the 'site' command, 'active'
without <pattern> will list all groups.

newsgroups <pattern>
This command will list all newsgroups that match the <pattern>
with a short description.
If no <pattern> is given, 'newsgroups' will list only groups
that are currently subscribed für your site.
If no host was specified with the 'site' command, 'newsgroups'
without <pattern> will list all groups.

volume-stats <pattern>
This command will give a statistic about last month's news
volume of the newsgroups that match the <pattern>.
If no <pattern> is given, 'volume-stats' will show the
statistics für all groups that are currently subscribed für your site.
If no host was specified with the 'site' command, this will
show this information für all available groups.

checkgroups <pattern>
This command will send out a checkgroups control message to
your site.
If no <pattern> is given, 'checkgroups' will generate an
article only containing the list of currently subscribed
groups für your site. für INN users:
The article will be posted to the newsgroup 'to.<sitename>'
where <sitename> is the name of your site you have to
specify at the site command. Please make sure, that you
have this group in your active file, or that your server
merges all 'to' articles into one single 'to' group.
The article will be posted with distribution 'deuunet' so
please make sure to configure your 'ME' entry in your
'newsfeeds' file accordingly.
Of course you have to accept checkgroups massages from
news@de.uu.net, so have a look at your 'control.ctl' file.
If you have any problems using this server - please contact news@de.uu.net. UUNET news support UUNET Deutschland GmbH
Tel. +49 231 972 2222 Sebrathweg 20
Fax. +49 231 972 1111 44149 Dortmund, Germany
news@de.uu.net http://www.de.uu.net
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Fri Apr 21 17:29:44 MET DST 2000 uNS end

Weitere Links